The Dead Sea, also known as “sea salt”, “Sea of Asphalt” or “Sea of Sodom” – a closed basin saline lake, which is bordered by Jordan on the east and Israel to the west.This is a hypersaline (or samosadochnoe) Lake, one of the most saline water on Earth. The Dead Sea is truly one of the most unique places of the earth. Today we offer you ten interesting facts about the Dead Sea, which are known not for everyone, and a gallery of beautiful photos. Enjoy!
1. The surface and the Dead Sea located at an altitude of 423 meters (1388 feet) below sea level, making it the lowest plot of land on Earth.
2. The depth of the Dead Sea is 377 meters (1237 feet), making it the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. Hypersaline (samosadochnoe) lake – a lake, in which the salt concentration is so high that it is possible to crystallization and precipitation on the bottom. As a rule, samosadochnye Lake have access to the sea. The level of salt in them exceeds the level of salt in ocean water.
3. Salinity of the sea Mervtogo reaches 33.7%, making it one of the most saline water on Earth. Although Lake Assal (Djibouti), Lake Garabogazköl and some hypersaline lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica (eg, Don Juan Pond) are even higher levels of salinity.
4. The Dead Sea due to an unusually high concentration of salt is surprisingly easy to allow people to stay in the water due to natural buoyancy. In this respect, the Dead Sea water is similar to the Great Salt Lake in Utah in the United States of America.
5. The Dead Sea is about 8.6 times more salty than the ocean. This level of salinity creates a very harsh natural conditions, which are not suitable for the survival of animals (hence the name the Dead Sea). The high salinity of the water prevents the existence of macroscopic aquatic organisms such as fish and aquatic plants, although a small number of bacteria, fungi and microorganisms in the Dead Sea water are present.
6. The Dead Sea reaches 67 kilometers (42 miles) long and 18 kilometers (11 miles) wide at its widest point. It is located in the Rift Valley in Jordan and its main tributary is the Jordan River.
7. The Dead Sea has become a major center for health research and treatment for several reasons. The mineral composition of water, with a very low content of pollens and other allergens that are common in the atmosphere, reducing the component of the ultraviolet solar radiation, and high levels of atmospheric pressure at great depths – they all have their own impact on health.
8. According to the Bible, the Dead Sea has been a refuge for King David. It was one of the first resorts in the world (created for Herod the Great), and it is here extracted a huge amount of substances used in various fields, from balms for the Egyptian mummification to potash.
9. An unusual feature of the Dead Sea in the fact that it is the depth of field of asphalt. The Dead Sea is constantly washed ashore small pebbles and stones in black. In ancient times, the so-called “Jewish asphalt” – bituminous liquid that rises to the surface of the Dead Sea – used for industrial and medical purposes, including, at the time of mummification in ancient Egypt.
10. The lowest road in the world, Highway 90 runs along the Israeli coast and the western shore of the Dead Sea. It is located at 393 meters (1289 feet) below sea level.