Maulid, Mawlid or Milad-un-Nabi is the birthday celebration of our beloved Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W). Muslims celebrated Prophet birthday as Eid-e-Milad. Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) was born Mecca(Arabia) on 12th day of Rabi-ul-Awwal , which was Monday the 20th day of April, 571 A.C.
History of Eid-e-Milad:
In the earliest days for the observance of Mawlid can be found in eighth-century Mecca, when the house in which Muhammad was born was transformed into a place of prayer by Al-Khayzuran (mother of Harun al-Rashid, the fifth and most famous Abbasid caliph).
The early celebrations included elements of Sufic influence, with animal sacrifices and torchlight processions along with public sermons and a feast. The celebrations occurred during the day, in contrast to modern day observances, with the ruler playing a key role in the ceremonies. Emphasis was given to the Ahl al-Bayt with presentation of sermons and recitations of the Qur’an. The event also featured the award of gifts to officials in order to bolster support for the ruling caliph.
The first public celebrations by Sunnis took place in twelfth-century Syria, under the rule of Nur ad-Din Zangi Though there is no firm evidence to indicate the reason for the adoption of the Shi’ite festival by the Sunnis, some theorise the celebrations took hold to counter Christian influence in places such as Spain and Morocco. Theologians denounced the celebration of Mawlid as unorthodox, and the practice was briefly halted by the Ayoubides when they came to power, becoming an event confined to family circles. It regained status as an official event again in 1207 when it was re-introduced by Muzaffar ad-din, the brother-in-law of Saladin, in Arbil, a town near Mosul, Iraq.
The practice spread throughout the Muslim world, assimilating local customs, to places such as Cairo, where folklore and Sufic practices greatly influenced the celebrations. By 1588 it had spread to the court of Murad III, Sultan of the Ottoman empire. In 1910, it was given official status as a national festival throughout the Ottoman empire. Today it is an official holiday in many parts of the world.
Celebration the birth anniversary of The Holy Prophet(PBUH):
The Muslims celebrates the birth anniversary of the Holy Prophet on 12 Rabi-ul-Awwal of the Islamic lunar calendar year. For Muslims, This date is important to Muslims because the birth of the Prophet Muhammad is regarded as a great blessing for the history of mankind.
The Prophet Muhammad is deemed to be the chief of all the Prophets sent on earth and it is to him that the Holy Qur’an was revealed.
On the day of Eid-e-Milad large street processions are held and homes or mosques are decorated. In mosques, religious leaders and scholars make speeches on different aspects of the life of Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W) speacially on Prophet’s birth, childhoos, youth and adult life. The religious leaders tells us about focusing the characteristic of Mohammad (S.A.W) in different manner, on His teachings, sufferings, and how He forgave even His most bitter enemies.
On the occasion of Prophet birthday recited the Hamd is poetry in praise of Allah, Naat (urdu), Qasida (Arabic and Farsi) Ginan (Gujerati) is poetry in the honor of Prophet Muhammad and the Imams. In Muslim countries, streets, mosques and buildings are decorated with colorful buntings and pennants and well illuminated at night. Affluent Muslims generously donate to charity. Feasts are arranged and food is served to guests and the poor.
In Pakistan the day of Eid-e-Milad celebrated Like Eid-ul-Azha and Eid-ul-Fiter in all cities with much pleasure. Every person wear the simple and shiny dress. Hazarat Muhammad (S.A.W). On this occasion public meetings are held specially in Bazar.
“And peace on him on the day he was born, and on the day he dies, and on the day he is raised to life” Holy Quran 19:15
I wish you Happy Eid Milad-un-Nabi (PBUH). May God bless all of us.